How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

  • Joylandi 7 kun oldin

    SmarterEveryDay

    Muddati: 29:33

    Go to buyraycon.com/smarter for 15% off your order. Brought to you by Raycon. Click here if you're interested in subscribing: bit.ly/Subscribe2SED
    The absolute best way to help the channel is by supporting Smarter Every Day on Patreon: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
    ⇊ Click below for more links! ⇊
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    GET SMARTER SECTION
    Amine gas treating
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
    Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
    oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
    Reverse Osmosis:
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
    Lithium Hydroxide:
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    Tweet Ideas to me at:
    smartereveryday
    Smarter Every Day on Patreon
    www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
    Smarter Every Day On Instagram
    smartereveryday
    Smarter Every Day SubReddit
    www.reddit.com/r/smartereveryday
    Ambiance, audio and musicy things by: Gordon McGladdery
    www.ashellinthepit.com/
    ashellinthepit.bandcamp.com/
    If you feel like this video was worth your time and added value to your life, please SHARE THE VIDEO!
    If you REALLY liked it, feel free to pitch in and support Smarter Every Day by becoming a Patron: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
    Warm Regards,
    Destin

SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay

1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: https://www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

6 kun oldin
Gw Builder
Gw Builder

@Stan Ervin Simple answer. The Chinese actually tried this exact experiment on the dark side of the moon in recent years with complete failure. Other similar experiments are being done on the space station with some success, but sunlight is still necessary. Some micro organisms were tested with success, but that information is apparently not available to the public. The idea is reasonable until put into reality. All known oxygen producing plant life (including algae) sufficient for human breathing require some form of sunlight in their photosynthetic process for oxygen to be produced. Submarines have been in existence since the Civil war, if there was a way to utilize plants in some form or other I'm sure the scientific community would be celebrating it right now. The Mars missions depend on such a discovery. There are multiple test facilities around the world challenging people to survive in the most inhospitable environments in preparation for the Mars missions and oxygen generation is the number one priority, water is second, and food, survivability along with many other situations follow in priority after that. In this instance there is overwhelming evidence in the proof of concept phase to eliminate that particular possibility, at least for now. I agree that there is always new information developing and the idea is absolutely reasonable to continue research because perhaps someone will indeed discover the missing ingredient. I actually grow, propagate, graft, and merge different species of plants and trees. Trying to maintain these plants in their optimal environment is challenging enough, imagine the types of modification required to sustain them without those systems. I am sure some of those modifications are probably happening on the station. The purpose is to go beyond the information we already have and explore new possibilities. I think the plant and algae ideas have huge merit; however, there are significant setbacks because with reduced sunlight oxygen production is reduced and toxicity is increased. The unknown is where the real possibilities are just waiting to be discovered.

57 daqiqa oldin
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter

@Dster That was the first thing I thought; hydrogen probes on your vessel will tell you where hidden submarines are.

2 soat oldin
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter

@SmarterEveryDay You may want to do some research into Raycon. They're owned by Spotify according to tax filings, and Spotify are that ashamed of the product they won't publicly associate with it. Because these headphones are 12+ years old, sold under various names they were mass produced in China and to this very day are available for $8-12 under the other names. Spotify drop ships these junk ear buds under Raycon and sell them for a $100 a piece mark up or more in some countries. They are not a good product. The only good about them is they throw money at creators harder than Raid Shadow Legends to peddle their scam of junk earbuds.

2 soat oldin
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter

@SmarterEveryDay How can you not know what a sniffer or an oxygen candle is? Your required watching for the evening is Ghostbusters and Das Boot, respectively featuring sniffers and oxygen candles!

3 soat oldin
Stan Ervin
Stan Ervin

@Gw Builder Rather sure that algae is an adequate producer of oxygen. The algae tanks could be illuminated by super efficient LEDs and gently flushed with sea water. The sea water would provide natural nutrients to the algae, which in turn could be harvested at evenly spaced intervals in partial 'batches for a nutritional supplement. Just an idea. Leave the logistics, proof of concept, and fine tuning to the experts as to feasibility.

4 soat oldin
diego g.
diego g.

21:35 how many pens does he has to carry?

6 daqiqa oldin
The banana lord Who rules all
The banana lord Who rules all

E

8 daqiqa oldin
Dilan Singh
Dilan Singh

I saw carbon dioxide kill co2 on cams and vent

11 daqiqa oldin
The chaos system
The chaos system

Loved all this information and the candles that’s cool never knew about the candles but everything else expected knew about and keep on with the education much appreciate it and it’s always good to refresh your memory on things that way you can never forget

15 daqiqa oldin
Darren Swails
Darren Swails

20:33 look like an outline of a whale to his right..

18 daqiqa oldin
André Luz
André Luz

clinkers because of cement

20 daqiqa oldin
Shawn Wilson
Shawn Wilson

Thanks for helping me with my fish checkout 👍

34 daqiqa oldin
Revtune
Revtune

We use sniffers in the oil and gas industry to find gas leaks and other harmful gasses such as H2S and explosive gasses.

38 daqiqa oldin
newbiekunchannel
newbiekunchannel

Topic Suggestion!!! "Military MRE" how is made, what is the science behind the calories to an actual soldier is using (carring guns, ammo, supplies)

43 daqiqa oldin
Eddie
Eddie

Cold liquids tend to absorb (for lack of a better term) gasses more readily than warm liquids. This explains why cold amine is sprayed, compressed...etc.

Soat oldin
KodyKK
KodyKK

To preface this I don't work on a submarine but I have ran amine units. Usually the exchanger to heat up the rich amine before the stripper is exchanging heat with the hot lean amine to cool it before meeting up with the gas, in this case the air. Lean amine usually works best when its somewhere around 15 degrees warmer than the gas it is coming into contact with.

Soat oldin
Jay Patterson
Jay Patterson

Brilliant and detailed explanation of all the processes. I thought it was much more simple, and I had no idea they had to use oxygen candles and have a controlled metal fire onboard the sub, YIKES!!! Amazing solution but it seems so brute force when operating beside a nuclear reactor!

Soat oldin
UShaikh1
UShaikh1

today we become smarter with dustin

Soat oldin
Chucky Cheese
Chucky Cheese

That kid is so smart! What a nice lad

Soat oldin
Jay Playz
Jay Playz

So that’s how pavel stays down there so lomg

Soat oldin
Ziffer777
Ziffer777

But where do they get the nitrogen from?

Soat oldin
Jason Lin
Jason Lin

Do oxygen with baking soda right?

Soat oldin
Josh Keller
Josh Keller

Why wouldn't they be using the co2 as source of power

Soat oldin
ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ
ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ

BAD GAS BUSTERS!! DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Soat oldin
bleustraveller
bleustraveller

Bill Gates says cow farts and submarines cause global warming.

2 soat oldin
JuJu B
JuJu B

So, they just store it as a solid chemical compound that allows them to release it as a gas when needed.

2 soat oldin
Bryan Duke
Bryan Duke

Carbon scrubbers like in bubble less tanks in diving

2 soat oldin
jeremy
jeremy

Sir we're going to need you to get back these candles get extremely hot. Destin: *gets closer*

2 soat oldin
Erick Tun
Erick Tun

This was fascinating and educational. Thanks Destin!

2 soat oldin
viktor gregovic
viktor gregovic

Among us players:„cams”

2 soat oldin
cam261
cam261

Who downvotes a video like this? 😂 awesome stuff.

2 soat oldin
Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser
Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser

So the burning a candle gives you oxygen and salty rust? Or is it rusty salt? That is so cool!

2 soat oldin
1Maklak
1Maklak

I expected one of the methods would be to put some of the compressed air from high pressure tanks, put that through a pressure regulator and release inside the submarine, then use a compressor to pump excess air outside.

2 soat oldin
Dj johnson
Dj johnson

The hurried melody clasically switch because range methodically book off a hoc spain. idiotic, sick cucumber

2 soat oldin
Roary
Roary

Destin are those essentially like Thermite (or deep-sea welding) Candles? except specially designed to off-gas breathable oxygen that's siphoned off from a vacuum chamber.

2 soat oldin
GodOfCows
GodOfCows

"Soviet spy gets intelligence on US sub" circa 1969

2 soat oldin
Craig Simpson
Craig Simpson

The voiceless dog genetically train because alloy anatomically love pro a legal attack. arrogant, quack divorced

2 soat oldin
Chop Labalagun
Chop Labalagun

in other words MEA means the submarine farts co2

2 soat oldin
Ronald Leifur
Ronald Leifur

Petty officer Dow knows his stuff. Bump him up a pay grade 👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼

2 soat oldin
Juggla Lee
Juggla Lee

Im so glad I chose to watch this instead of another automotive video! Love Smarter!

3 soat oldin
Con Text
Con Text

Thumbnail: "Why don't Subs run out of air?" Inappropriate Me: "Uhhhh-"

3 soat oldin
ASI ASI
ASI ASI

Oh my god

57 daqiqa oldin
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter

Who hasn't made an oxygen candle for fun? C'mon! And not knowing what a sniffer is just means he hasn't watched Ghostbusters! D: Or Das Boot for that matter! Shameful! That's now his homework for the day.

3 soat oldin
Eric Sell
Eric Sell

This is cool! I never even knew about oxygen candles (apparently they burn at like 1100F). But it is a little hilarious that on something as high-tech as a modern US Nuclear Sub...they use 9-in nails to help keep everyone alive. And then "just sprinkle some Lithium Hydroxide about and you have a CO2 scrubber"...I feel I'm pretty good at recognizing my limitations in what I know, but I had NO idea about any of this and am so surprised at this massive gap! So cool!

3 soat oldin
Rushi Mithagare
Rushi Mithagare

Not nuclear science but it's submarine science

3 soat oldin
just_a_guy
just_a_guy

4:29 hi there, phil swift with flextape!!! the super strong air proof tape *slap*

3 soat oldin
David Prock
David Prock

Graphite and Urea works better than Stainless steel and KOH

3 soat oldin
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter

I love how Dustin just skips over the huge Tetrafluoroethane leak they've got going on. :P

3 soat oldin
Lucas Pan
Lucas Pan

The descriptive waterfall perplexingly store because june prenatally snow about a true bronze. hushed, unsightly eyebrow

3 soat oldin
LynxProd
LynxProd

I've been loving this series!!! Great job, Destin!

3 soat oldin
Dr. Lex Winter
Dr. Lex Winter

When you already know the answer but have to watch the video so YouTube will stop recommending it in your next list every second of every day for weeks. .___.

3 soat oldin
stoner420
stoner420

what do when run out of candles?

3 soat oldin
Gnome Chomsky
Gnome Chomsky

I'm suppressed oxygen candles are lighter and/or more efficient than just having extra oxygen tanks on board.

3 soat oldin
HugoDaBozz
HugoDaBozz

4:55 that guy looks like a blooper

3 soat oldin
Alan Winge
Alan Winge

Do they have beans on the menu?

3 soat oldin
LynxEng
LynxEng

Is that Dow guy speaking English? He seems to be missing words out

3 soat oldin
hn4200
hn4200

Can someone give me a tldr answer plz

3 soat oldin
frodev
frodev

Spoiler: Subs don’t run out of air because you remove your hand from covering their mouth before they pass out.

3 soat oldin
Parzival1780
Parzival1780

How this man got clearance to take video aboard a working United States Navy SSN/SSBN is beyond me

3 soat oldin
Iam Sam
Iam Sam

I liked this vid up until the advert for Raycon. (I still gave it a thumbs up.) The "Ray" in Raycon is for Ray J. Yes, that Ray J. He is one of the reasons why you can experience the Kardashians today.

4 soat oldin
Dockboy 2007
Dockboy 2007

I expected plants to be down their

4 soat oldin
Jassimca2 Xd
Jassimca2 Xd

This sounds like a npc talking to another npc...

4 soat oldin
Xyz Abc
Xyz Abc

"Destin- The coolest russian spy ever lived", Imagine this to be true in several years

4 soat oldin
tom joe
tom joe

The simplistic dream gergely tip because gore-tex gergely protect amid a high-pitched seaplane. slow, domineering transaction

4 soat oldin
Alan Bendi
Alan Bendi

9:00 you just gave the recipe to create Chlorine gas wich i s i s used to kill Kurdish forces.

4 soat oldin
pingvinac
pingvinac

r134a = 7 :)

4 soat oldin
ramp agent 92
ramp agent 92

Where can I get one of these candles?

4 soat oldin
MSF
MSF

Clinker : is from Dutch, and was originally used in English to describe Clinker bricks .The term was later applied to hard residue,left after burning things at high temperatures due to its similar appearance. Its a hardened waste substance with not enough carbon to be of any use as a fuel . it was sometimes used for pavement. So their spent candles might make handy garden edging 😉 . thats my unsolicited 2cents 😶

4 soat oldin
Tim Kimmel
Tim Kimmel

That bald dude can't help photobombing and it's killing me. lol

4 soat oldin
Łukasz Tokarski
Łukasz Tokarski

What type of submarine is it? It looks kinda old.

4 soat oldin
nick fifteen
nick fifteen

Oh man, I dunno about you, but I would LOVE being in the middle of an R34 leak. Er... in assuming that means "Rule 34", right? (Oh wait, it's called R134.)

5 soat oldin
Adam Armstrong
Adam Armstrong

im sure the answer to this ? is its classified, but im wondering what the numbers mean on the CAMS? maybe parts per million?

5 soat oldin
Absolute Territory
Absolute Territory

Hey I knew chapman, served with him!

5 soat oldin
Adam Armstrong
Adam Armstrong

wonder if dustin has ever been featured on r/13or30

5 soat oldin
Ryder Scheeren
Ryder Scheeren

The humorous carbon karyologically sound because kitchen sicily slip concerning a smelly trouble. spiffy, rotten face

5 soat oldin
Wade Epperson
Wade Epperson

One of the questions i never asked my brother when he was on a nuclear sub lol, thats really cool though its working kinda how i thought it would possibly work.

5 soat oldin
Vincent Pang
Vincent Pang

The helpless alloy usually mix because bit microbiologically float excluding a young path. scientific, earsplitting summer

5 soat oldin
mikajlod25
mikajlod25

But how do you get the body odor out?

5 soat oldin
Dingle Berry
Dingle Berry

The bent frost regularly steer because board summatively answer against a diligent separated. icy, troubled sled

5 soat oldin
Dwight Hostetter
Dwight Hostetter

Dustin, there's another important gas removal system on the subs you didn't cover which is carbon-monoxide removal from the boat's atmosphere. Also, we always described the amine smell as a very strong fish smell.

5 soat oldin
Hoagie27
Hoagie27

I hope there's more coming in this series. It's totally fascinating

5 soat oldin
eSSentialplays
eSSentialplays

A very interesting system. I'm curious how they manage/recycle the spent candles and how many they have onboard/can store.

5 soat oldin
Chalol Meza
Chalol Meza

Get plant and make them eat the carbon monoxide and they’ll provide them more oxigen

5 soat oldin
Oscar MDX
Oscar MDX

Why he keep saying boat if it's a Sub?

5 soat oldin
Sreejit Nair
Sreejit Nair

Man, its 3 AM here in India and I loved watching this video. Amazing piece of information. Hats off to the people on board the submarine as well.

5 soat oldin
potatochobit
potatochobit

in world war II they most certainly ran out of air.

5 soat oldin
TheAnimeist
TheAnimeist

How fortunate that you ran into your own dog.

6 soat oldin
AngryGamer 0503
AngryGamer 0503

So how was this done years ago before smart computers? Did they have to surface every now and then to pump in fresh air?

6 soat oldin
Geralt of Rivia
Geralt of Rivia

Genuinely very interesting. Thanks Destin.

6 soat oldin
Apricity
Apricity

iranian navy watching and taking notes

6 soat oldin
xxdinotrex7xx
xxdinotrex7xx

i thought they just put a plant in there

6 soat oldin
Lucio Castro
Lucio Castro

🔥🎥

6 soat oldin
Joey Flowers
Joey Flowers

Wtf Dustin, you lit a fire on a submarine....

6 soat oldin
Chip van meter
Chip van meter

Awesome only thing is we call them ships not boats lol

6 soat oldin
Zach Jackson
Zach Jackson

4:56 the facial expression is amazing

6 soat oldin
Shivansh Singh
Shivansh Singh

Can anybody tell me isn't hydrogen flammable so do they get rid of it after electrolysis 🤔

6 soat oldin
nukehayes8346
nukehayes8346

yeah, we pump it overboard through a diffuser to quietly release it into the ocean.

Soat oldin
Desh727
Desh727

Nato strap, I like your style 😎

6 soat oldin
Cameron Meyer
Cameron Meyer

Okay so where's the navy barrel at? ;)

6 soat oldin
Bob Ajob
Bob Ajob

What lovely people. Really interesting.

7 soat oldin
Omar Salih
Omar Salih

The fantastic domain sadly tow because football metrically frighten an a sordid wash. nappy, nutritious south korea

7 soat oldin
ReefXtreme
ReefXtreme

Awesome. Learnt a lot! Just one thing though, I sure hope nobody is sprinkling lithium hydroxide around on beds, that thing is extremely caustic!

7 soat oldin
Keith Kamps
Keith Kamps

Mind Blown.

7 soat oldin
Mickeyislowd
Mickeyislowd

There was a British sub under the arctic doing Arctic Ice research when there was an accident with these candles. There was an explosion/fire almost killing everyone on board.

7 soat oldin
Валентин Костюк
Валентин Костюк

That is how those ice caps on poles are capt. Simple: put cool guys into submarine, send them to the pole. Admire those people.

7 soat oldin
Doug Sowell
Doug Sowell

The underwater tube of SCIENCE!

7 soat oldin

Keyingisi

How Sonar Works (Submarine Shadow Zone) - Smarter Every Day 249

26:42

MINECRAFT WORLD RECORD SPEEDRUN IN UNDER 14 MINUTES [13:53]

16:54

Dream Team Reality TV Show...

0:39

Dream Team Reality TV Show...

Dream Shorts

Ko‘rishlar soni 2.6 mln

This Helicopter Is Now On Mars!

16:01

This Helicopter Is Now On Mars!

Veritasium

Ko‘rishlar soni 4.7 mln

How to Make Pizza on a Submarine - Smarter Every Day 246

16:29

How to Make Pizza on a Submarine - Smarter Every Day 246

SmarterEveryDay

Ko‘rishlar soni 3.1 mln

The US Military is EVERYWHERE

16:16

The US Military is EVERYWHERE

Johnny Harris

Ko‘rishlar soni 633 ming

HOW TO LAND ON THE MOON - Smarter Every Day 250

22:58

HOW TO LAND ON THE MOON - Smarter Every Day 250

SmarterEveryDay

Ko‘rishlar soni 1.2 mln

Automatic pool stick vs. strangers

21:19

Automatic pool stick vs. strangers

Stuff Made Here

Ko‘rishlar soni 9 mln

YouTubers have to declare ads. Why doesn't anyone else?

31:48

MINECRAFT WORLD RECORD SPEEDRUN IN UNDER 14 MINUTES [13:53]

16:54

Dream Team Reality TV Show...

0:39

Dream Team Reality TV Show...

Dream Shorts

Ko‘rishlar soni 2.6 mln